Design–bid–build (or design/bid/build, and abbreviated D–B–B or D/B/B accordingly), also known as Design–tender (or "design/tender") traditional method or hardbid, is a project delivery method in which the agency or owner contracts with separate entities for the design and construction of a project.
Design–bid–build is the traditional method for project delivery and differs in several substantial aspects from design–build.
There are three main sequential phases to the design–bid–build delivery method:
The design phase
The bidding (or tender) phase
The construction phase
In this phase the owner retains an architect (or consulting engineer for infrastructure works) to design and produce bid documents, including construction drawings and technical specifications, on which various general contractors will in turn bid to construct the project. For building projects, the architect will work with the owner to identify the owners needs, develop a written program documenting those needs and then produce a conceptual and/or schematic design. This early design is then developed, and the architect will usually bring in other design professionals including mechanical, electrical, and plumbing engineers (MEP engineers), a fire protection engineer, structural engineer, sometimes a civil engineer and often a landscape architect to help complete the construction drawings and technical specifications. The finished bid documents are coordinated by the architect and owner for issuance to general contractors during the bid phase.